About

History

beetlehangers.org is a website dedicated to Laboulbeniales study combining observations from online citizen science sources and peer-reviewed publications. In the book titled "Vegetable wasps and plant worms: a popular history of entomogenous fungi, or fungi parasitic upon insects" by Mordecai C. Cooke, 1892. Mordecai named the order Laboulbeniales "beetle hangers".

Here are a few common names for Laboulbeniales from the book:


citizen science



There is potential to design citizen science initiatives aimed at documenting natural enemy interactions and to provide long-term monitoring data in order to understand how parasite prevalences on the harlequin ladybird change over time. However, we emphasize the complexity of host-parasite systems and adequate resources and support will be required to ensure the success of citizen science. Without additional support, the pool of volunteers for recording ladybird parasites might be substantially smaller than the pool willing to record ladybirds in general. Indeed a UK initiative to engage people in recording ladybird parasites had very low uptake although the resulting data from the few contributors was of high quality (Comont et al. 2014; Roy and Brown 2015). Also in the USA, an effort is being made to incorporate citizen science submission of Hesperomyces virescens sightings on ladybirds, through the Lost Ladybug Project. Finally, and interestingly, new reports suggesting a further northward (Canada) and southward (Argentina) spread of the H.axyridis–H. virescens association in the western hemisphere were discovered on digital photo- and biological observation sharing websites Flickr and iNaturalist. Monitoring with a global perspective, with the aid of citizen science efforts, can build an integrated understanding of Harmonia axyridis both for management of biological control, and as a model for the study of IAS.

Our Team


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